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Fragmentation

Understanding conflict fragmentation and its implications for policy and practice

Key research questions

The conflict landscape is becoming increasingly fragmented and diverse, with new forms of conflict emerging that defy traditional assumptions that a peace process can be negotiated between a state and a single dominant state actor.

This work develops the ‘fragment state’ analysis to help us understand conflict and peace dynamics, and where and how best to support agency for peacebuilding, through a series of connected academic and practice-based inquiries.

  • How can we methodically understand the fragment state and the impact of interventions within it?
  • How can political power and political logics be understood in the fragment state?
  • Can we map the different actors, and the projects of cooperation and opposition in which are engaged?
  • What are the ways in which different actors understand themselves to have projects of positive change, and agency to work towards that change?
  • How is the ‘fragment state’ financed and how do resource flows and natural resource management look like?
  • What are the possibilities cooperation and brokerage for the different visions of the conflict and possibilities for the future of local, national, and international actors?