UN Security Council Resolution 1325 of 2000 provided that peace agreements should adopt a ‘gender perspective’. This commitment has been reiterated in women, peace and security resolutions since that time. This article uses a mixed qualitative and quantitative analysis to consider when and how peace agreements have adopted a gender perspective, using a new PA-X peace agreement database to analyse over 1500 peace and transition agreements from between 1990 and 2016. It goes further to consider how inclusion of women is related to the other forms of political and group inclusion contemplated to form part of the new political settlement.
This article examinines what might be meant by a ‘gender perspective in peace agreements’. It maps out when and how peace agreements provide for women, girls and gender, but also for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans communities, and for ‘men and boys’ and ‘family’ at different stages of a peace process. The article provides new data on the implementation of agreement commitments and specifically those issues singled out for attention by UNSC 1325.
This article was published in feminists@law, an open access journal of feminist legal scholarship. This gender themed Special Issue draws together findings and analysis from the gender theme of the Political Settlements Research Programme, with articles on engendering political settlements by Christine Bell, Kevin McNicholl, Catherine O’Rourke, Zahbia Yousuf, Sophia Close, Zoe Marks, Aisling Swaine, Jessica Doyle, Monica McWilliams, Fiona Mackay, and Cera Murtagh.